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South Africa country profile
Posted On: May 27, 2016

Up until 1994 it was ruled by a white minority which enforced a separation of races with its policy called apartheid.

The apartheid government eventually negotiated itself out of power after decades of international isolation, armed opposition and mass protests.

The democratically-elected leadership encouraged reconciliation and set about redressing social imbalances.

FACTS

 

Republic of South Africa

Capital: Pretoria

  • Population 50.7 million

  • Area 1.22 million sq km (470,693 sq miles)

  • Major languages 11 official languages including English, Afrikaans, Sesotho, Setswana, Xhosa and Zulu

  • Religions Christianity, Islam, indigenous beliefs

  • Life expectancy 53 years (men), 54 years (women)

  • Currency Rand

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